PCOS is an acronym for Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome and was originally known as Stein-Leventhal syndrome, named after two American gynecologists who described this condition in 1953. It’s sometimes also referred to as Polycystic Ovarian Disease or PCOD.
Today, it is a fairly common condition that’s on the rise globally and affects almost 10% of the female population. Family history, a sedentary lifestyle and a poor diet that’s high in calories are some of the factors that affect this condition.
As the name suggests, PCOS affects a woman’s ovaries, usually causing them to become enlarged and develop multiple cysts. This causes a disturbance in the production of sex hormones, resulting in an increased production in both the female and male sex hormones (i.e. oestrogen and testosterone).